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HANSEN Peter

SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS


Peter Adolf Caesar Hansen
* (Santiago, Chile , September 30, 1896
+ Viersen , Germany ; May 23, 1967

Peter Hansen was born in Santiago, Chile. His roots were of Germanic and Italian origin, which allowed him in his childhood, that in addition to speaking Spanish, he could learn the German and Italian languages. When he came of age, Peter went to Germany and joined the Army of the II Reich to fight as a volunteer in World War I , since when he spoke German he could afford such luxury. For being an unreliable Chilean immigrant, he was not sent to the front the first years, but finally in 1916 he was selected to fight in the trenches where he distinguished himself until the end of the war in an artillery regiment. On his merits he was promoted to lieutenant.

After the end of the Great War he returned to Chile.

During the 20s his homeland was his home, until things changed and in 1933 Adolf Hitler rose to power. Then he returned to Germany and entered the SS and the NSDAP with the number of 2,860,864. In the SS he rose rapidly, in 1934 he went from SS- Scharführer to SS- Obertruppenführer , in 1935 he arrived at SS- Hauptmannführer and in early 1939 he had become SS- Oberturmbannführer . By the time World War II broke out it was SS- Standartenführer and he was already directing his own artillery batteries in the front.

In 1940 he joined the newly created Waffen-SS with the rank of SS- Oberführer , thus being one of the first non-European foreigners. During the first stage of the conflict he entered little into combat, but when he arrived in 1943 he distinguished himself notably in the Battle of Kursk , within the Kempf Army. After the Kursk disaster, Hansen helped organize the Letische Division of Latvian volunteers for the Waffen-SS and taught them the anti-partisan struggle. But without a doubt what he became famous for was his work in the 29th Waffen-SS Division, that of the Italians. Since the Republic of Saló had been founded in Italy, the Waffen-SS needed to create a division of Italian fascists, for this it was imperative that a high degree who mastered Italian perfectly instructed the recruits, that indicated was Peter Hansen. With the rank of division commander, Peter was appointed general to lead the soldiers alongside an Italian commander named Pietro Manelli , with whom he would befriend. This is how Peter changed the German uniform for the Italian, since the Italian volunteers were the only division of the Waffen-SS who did not wear German clothing, if not Italian. Hansen did a great job with the Italian SS, indoctrinated them according to German tactics at the Muzzingen training camp in Poland. Once the instruction was finished, the unit was designated 29th Waffen-SS Grenadier Italianische Division.

The first battle of the Chilean general in command of the Italians would take place in Piemonte , Italy, there a large number of guerrillas occupied the Fortress of Vinadio, so the new SS of Hansen evicted them in just three hours causing many casualties. From then on he would get great victories against the partisans, the clearest examples were the clashes in Germanasca , Chisone , Spoletto , Asis , Scheggia and Gubbio ; all of them victories of the Chilean general. But undoubtedly the most important action was the Battle of Anzio , in the spring of 1944 the 29th SS Italianische Division was transferred to the beach of Lazio where they detained the American army, Americans surprised to see SS Italian troops suffered many casualties. When the British and American wings came together in Anzio , the Italian SS of Hansen resisted with grenade launchers and very obsolete weapons on roads and highways between Nettuno and Viterbo causing the allies lower than they suffered and delaying the advance towards Rome . On June 4, 1944 Rome fell into allied hands and Hansen escaped the risk of being surrounded, the Chilean could take himself for pride, because he had suffered 300 casualties in his division against more than triple that had caused them allies After Anzio, Hansen was awarded the Iron Cross .

After the German withdrawal to the Gothic Line , Peter Hansen returned again to the German army, this time he did it as commander of Panzer units, although he barely entered into combat. At the end of World War II he tried to escape to Chile (since the SS had been declared as a criminal organization by the Allies), but having entered the war with that country together with the Allies, he could not do so under penalty of having been tried for taking the weapons against his homeland, so he had to stay in Germany. For many years he lived in German lands without ever being able to return to his native country. He finally died on May 23, 1967 in Viersenu.

Hansen, Peter
SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS


* 30.11.1896 in Santiago, Chile.
+ 23.05.1967 in Viersen / Niederrhein.

NSDAP-Nr.: 2 860 864 (Joined 00.04.1933)
SS-Nr.: 129 846 (First joined, 00.04.1933; left on 15.08.1935; reenrolled, 01.06.1939)

Promotions:
01.09.1914 Fahnenjunker
00.01.1915 Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier
00.00.1915 Fähnrich
00.00.1916 Leutnant
00.00.1920 Oberleutnant a. D.
00.00.1934 Hauptmann (E)(RH)
18.01.1934 SS-Anwärter
24.02.1934 SS-Scharführer
20.04.1934 SS-Oberscharführer
10.07.1934 SS-Obertruppführer
30.01.1935 SS-Untersturmführer
15.08.1935 Hauptmann (RH) (mit RDA vom 01.01.1934)
01.01.1939 Major (RH)
01.06.1939 SS-Obersturmbannführer
19.10.1939 SS-Standartenführer
13.12.1940 SS-Oberführer der Waffen-SS
30.01.1942 SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS

Career:
Chef des Stabes XVIII.SS-Armee-Korps: 5. Feb. 1945-8. May 1945.
Artilleriekommandeur (Arko), I.SS-Panzer-Korps: Nov. 1944-Feb. 1945.
Arko, III.(germ)SS-Panzer-Korps: 10. Jul. 1944-22. Aug. 1944.
Kdr., Milizia Armata Polizei (from which developed the 29.Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS {italienische Nr.1}): 2 October 1943 — 1 May 1944.

Kdr. Lettischen SS-Freiwilligen-Division: 25.02.1943 - 00.05.1943.

Returned to Army as Hauptmann, 15. Aug. 1935. assigned as commander of a battery in Leipzig, Naumburg, and Meissen 'til 1937, then moved to Artillerie Regiment 50 (Leipzig) to command its schwere (heavy) Abteilung until Jan. 1939. Advanced to Major, Hansen was given command of II.Abteilung/Artillerie Regiment 50 'til transferring to the SS-Verfügungstruppe on 1. Jun. 1939.
Assigned to SS-Obrabschnitt "Mitte": Apr. 1933-Aug. 1935.

Decorations & Awards:
00.00.1939 1939 Spange zum 1914 Eisernen Kreuz I. Klasse
00.00.1939 1939 Spange zum 1914 Eisernen Kreuz II. Klasse
00.00.191_ 1914 Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse
00.00.191_ 1914 Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse
[09.11.1944] Kriegsverdienstkreuz I. Klasse ohne Schwerter
[09.11.1944] Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse ohne Schwerter
00.00.194_ [Infanterie?]-Sturmabzeichen
00.00.191_ Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen (Verdienstorden), Sachsen-Weimar
00.00.191_ Österreichischer Verdienstorden
00.00.19__ Verwundetenabzeichen, 1918 in Schwarz
00.00.19__ Spange “Prager Burg“ zur Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
00.00.19__ Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
00.00.19__ Dienstauszeichnungen der Wehrmacht III. und IV. Klasse
ca. 1934 Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
00.00.19__ Deutsches Reitersportabzeichen in Silber
00.00.19__ Ehrendolch der SS
[30.01.1942] Ehrendegen des Reichsführers-SS
12.05.1940 Totenkopfring der SS
00.00.19__ SS-Zivilabzeichen (Nr. 15.235)
00.00.19__ Julleuchter der SS
00.00.193_ Ehrenwinkel für alte Kämpfer
29.09.1942 Order of the Cross of Liberty 1st Class with Swords (Finland)



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